Building blocks of grammar

word - the most basic complete building block of a language. Understanding how words work in a sentence is a very important.

phrase - A group of two or more words that form a grammatical unit. A phrase, however, is less than a complete sentence and needs to be part of a sentence. There are many kinds of phrases.

(by important words) - noun, verb, prepositional(phrase)

(by function) - adjective, adverbial...(phrase)

clause - A clause has a subject and a complete verb phrase. More accurately, a subject and a predicate. There are two basic types of clauses:independent clauses and dependent clauses.

predicate is part of the sentence besides subject or subject phrase. 

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